Predecessor: Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubaarak Makhzoomi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
Date of Birth: 470 Hijri, 1077 AD
Date of Wisaal: 561 Hijri, 1166 AD
Date of Urs: 17th , Rabi-us-Sani. (celebrated on 11th , Rabi-us-Sani)
Resting at: Baghdad, Iraq.
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani رضي الله عنه was a noted Hanbali preacher, Sufi sheikh and the eponymous founder of the Qadiri Sufi order (selsela). He was born in Ramadan AH 470 (about AD 1077) in the Persian province of Gilan (Iran) south of the Caspian sea. His contribution and renown in the sciences of Sufism and Sharia was so immense that he became known as the spiritual pole of his time, al-Ghaus al Azam (the “Supreme Helper” or the “Mightiest Succor”). His writings were similar to those of al-Ghazali in that they dealt with both the fundamentals of Islam and the mystical experience of Sufism.
Syedina Ghaus-e-Azam was a great preacher, eminent educationist, a noble scholar and a distinguished doctor of Muslim law. He is known as supreme leader of al Walis. Wali is known as friend of Allah.
Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam Abdul Qadir Gilani RA is a “Najeeb-ut-Tarfayn” Syed, i.e. his father, Hazrat Abu Salih Musa Jangi Dost RA lineage traces back to Imam Hassan(A.S) and his mother, Sayyida Umm-ul-Khayr Amat-ul-Jabbar Fatimah RA lineage traces back to Imam Hassan(A.S).
Hazrat Junayd Baghdadi RA once said :
It was shown to me through Kashf (opening) that the later part of the 5th century Hijri will witness the birth of a great saint and wali of Allah Almighty whose name will be Abdul Qadir and who will be praised as Muhiyuddin. His birthplace will be Gilan and resting place will be Baghdad and he will say, “My foot is on the neck of every wali”. Upon witnessing his greatness [through this Kashf], I surrendered my neck.